Shoulder Sonography Study Sheet: Part One

Shoulder Ultrasound
Muscular-Skeletal Sonography
Study Sheet: Part ONE 

  1. The long head of the biceps arises from the __________ within the shoulder joint. Supraglenoid tubercle

  2. The biceps is a flexor of the: Elbow

  3. Tendons of the rotator cuff support the articular capsule of the shoulder joint.  The tendon which provide support anteriorly is the: Subscapularis

  4. Blood supply to the glenoid labrum is from the:
    1. Suprascapular artery
    2. Circumflex scapular artery
    3. Posterior circumflex humeral artery

  5. The thick, triangular muscle which covers the anterior, posterior and lateral aspects of the shoulder is the: Deltoid

  6. The deltoid is a powerful abductor of the: Humerus

  7. The rotator cuff consists of:
    1. Subscapularis
    2. Supraspinatus
    3. Infraspinatus
    4. Teres minor

  8. These tendons of the rotator cuff act together to stabilize the _______________ joint. Glenohumeral joint

  9. The tendons of the rotator cuff have a thickness of: 5-10 mm

  10. With the arm abducted, the subscapularis draws the humerus: Forward and inferior

  11. This large triangular muscle arises from the entire circumference of the subscapular fossa. Subscapularis

  12. The ______________ aids the Deltoid in abducting the arm, and maintains the humeral head in the glenoid cavity. Supraspinatus

  13. The Infraspinatus muscle acts to rotate the humerus: Externally

  14. The _______________ opposes the actions of the deltoid, biceps brachii, and triceps to prevent upward subluxation of the humerus. Teres minor

  15. The thin, flat ligament which extends from the base of the coracoid to the medial end of the scapular notch is the: Superior transverse scapular ligament

  16. The strong triangular band connecting the coracoid and the acromium is known as the: Coracoacromial ligament

  17. A history of ____________ may predispose a patient to “frozen shoulder: Diabetes

  18. The best position for a shoulder examination is with the patient: Seated on a rotating stool

  19. Anisotropy occurs when: Insonation is not perpendicular to tendon

  20. Anisotropy results in the tendon appearing: Hypoechoic

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